IADALBAOTH-A being that appears in the lore
of Gnosticism (an offshoot of Christianity that advanced its own
notion on the Creation). According to the Gnostics, Idalbaoth was
the creator of humanity and also the progenitor of the so-called
seven elohim, the Gnostic equivalent of the seven great angels. He
occupies a high position in Gnostic cosmology, in some accounts
ranked just below the Creator of all things. In other cases,
however, Iadalbaoth is considered a being of darkness.
IMAMIAH-A onetime angel who was a member of
the angelic order or choir of principalities. Now a most
unpleasant fallen angel, he is a noteworthy denizen of hell,
called upon by sorcerers to bring total destruction to their
enemies. Imamiah was mentioned in the lore of the Qabalah.
INIAS-Also Iniaes, one of the angels who were
officially removed from the list of honored angels recognized by
the Christian Church at a council in Rome in 745. The angels were
taken off the lists by Church officials to counter what they
feared was an altogether unwholesome obsession concerning the
angels in the popular thinking of the time. Inias was joined in
disgrace by Uriel, Sabaoc, Tubuel, Raguel, and Simiel. The legend
is told, however, that Inias responded quite poorly to the actions
of the council and became an enemy of the faith.
INNOCENTS-An all but forgotten choir of
angels who ranked as the tenth order of the twelve that were
proposed by occultist scholar Francis Barrett in his 1801 tope The
Magus. Barrett argued that the generally accepted nine choirs of
angels-as established in virtually recognized form by the
theologian Dionysius the Areopagite in the sixth century-omitted
three others: innocents (tenth choir), martyrs (eleventh choir),
and confessors (twelfth choir).
IOFIEL-An angel, also called Jophiel and
Zophiel, whose name means "the beauty of God." (See Jophiel.)
QADDISIM-See under Watchers.
ISRAEL-In some Jewish lore Israel refers to
an angel ranked among the high order of the hayyoth, the
formidable angels circling or supporting the throne of God.
Elsewhere, however, this angel is identified with a curious but
understandable angelic being named Israel-Jacob, a union of the
famous patriarch Jacob with the angelic. In the Old Testament,
Jacob struggled wih the angel, termed the dark angel, and the
angel declares to Jacob that his name henceforth shall be Israel.
ISRAFEL-Also Israfil, one of the great angels
in Islamic lore, honored as the angel of the Last Judgment or
angel of the Resurrection. At the end of the world, Israfel will
descend to the earth, stand upon the holy rock in Jerusalem, and
blow the awesome trumpet that will awaken the dead from their
slumber and summon all who have ever lived to come forth and be
judged. Described as possessing four wings, he is said to be
covered with hair and a host of mouths, his impressive appearance
matched by his incredible height; he is so tall that he is able to
reach from the earth to the very pillars of heaven. A beautiful
angel and a master of music, Israfel sings the praises of God not
just in Arabic, but in a thousand different tongues; the Lord is
so touched by his singing that he uses the very breath of Israfel
to inject life into hosts of angels, who themselves take part in
the ceaseless singing of Allah's praises.
ITHURIEL-An angel who is best known for his
colorful activities in John Milton"s Paradise Lost. In this part
of the tale, Gabriel learns that Satan is loose in the Garden of
Eden and so dispatches the cherub Ithuriel, with the cherub
Zephon, to find the leader of the fallen angels. They find him
disguised as a toad, squatting next to the sleeping Eve. Touching
satan with his spear, Ithuriel causes the great deceiver to return
to his actual form. Unfortunately, while Satan was disturbed and
unmasked to reveal his appalling shape, his whispered temtations
had their deadly effect. The hunt for Satan by Ithuriel and Zephon
was the subject of a beautiful illustration in the 1974 edition of
Paradise Lost. As with other Miltonian angels, such as Abdiel and
Zophiel, there is question as to whether Ithuriel existed prior to
his adventures in literature or was an invention of Milton. Jewish
scholars note that Ithuriel is mentioned in lore dating at least
to the late Middle Ages or the sixteenth century.
IZRAEL-An angel of Islamic folklore, one of
the four angels of the end of the world, with the angels Michael,
Israfel, and Gabriel. Izrael is thus to be spared-with his angelic
associations-the terrible effects of the first blast of the
trumpet on the Day of Judgment that is to be sounded by Israfel.
The angels will be free of the effects of the blasts until the
final sounding of the trumpet, when all things and beings will be
summoned to the Final
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