angel belonging to the angel order of dominations who was
mentioned in angelic lore as recorded in the traditions of the
Qabalah. Haaiah is credited with authority over the fields of
diplomacy, working to guide the labors of representatives and
HABRIEL-An angel who is a member of the choir
or order of powers. He is considered a suitable angel or spirit
for invoking or summoning in certain magical rites among the
HADARIEL-Also called Hadarniel and Hadramiel,
and angel who has a fairly prominent place in Jewish legend,
serving traditionally as the much-feared and quite imposing keeper
of the gates of heaven. Hadariel, whose name means "the glory (or
Greatness) of God," is one of the tallest beings in all of heaven,
standing some sixty myriads of parasangs high, a distance
calculated to exceed two million miles. Amazingly he is not the
tallest of angels, still being dwarfed by the truly humongous
Sandalphon. Nevertheless, Hadariel has a voice so dominating that
when he shouts forth the proclamations of the Lord, the sound
echoes through the two hundred thousand heavens, each word
accompanied by twelve thousand flashes of lightning.
type of angel found in Islamic lore that can be considered the
Muslim equivalent of the guardian angel. The hafaza, however, are
not assigned one by one to each person. Rather, each living soul
is guarded by four angels, two keeping watch during the day and
two remaining vigilant during the night. Their protective duties
are centered in defending the soul against the assaults of Satan
and evil spirits, especially the jinn (the Isalamic demon).
Mortals should be most alert or concerned with their well-being at
dawn and at sunset, for at those times the hafaza change their
guard and thus the protective barrier they form is at its weakest.
The hafaza have one other important task. They endlessly write
down in great books every action-good or bad-committed by their
ward. As there are four angels, the living can be assured that
every little deed, no matter how small, will not escape their
attention. When the person dies, the four present their books,
which are kept until the final Day of Judgment, when they will be
read and used to determine whether the mortal is deserving of
admission into heaven. (See also Guardian Angels.)
high-ranking and apparently powerful angelic prince mentioned in
the Third Book of Enoch. In that compendium of angelic lore, Hamon
is described as "the great, terrible, honored, beautiful, and
dreaded Prince, who makes all the denizens of the heights when the
time comes to recite (the endless praises of God). In some
traditions, and according to St. Jerome, Hamon can be considered
or equated with the archangel Gabriel.
HANIEL-Also Hanael and Aniel, an angel whose
name means "the grace of God" and who is generally credited with
the title of prince or chief of the angelic orders or choirs of
the principalities and virtues. As such, he is honored as one of
the seven great archangels in several lists.
MARUT-Also Haroth and Maroth, two leading angels who
appeared in both Persian and Islamic legend. Among the Persians,
Harut and Marut were two very formidable angels who knew the
incomparably powerful secret name of God. According to the Qur'an,
Harut and Marut were two angels who came down from heaven and
taught certain secrets to hunanity, interpreted variously as magic
and sorcery or the workings of the government. Islamic legend also
tells the tale of Harut and Marut and how they joined the ranks of
the fallen angels.
HASHMAL-Also known as Chasmal and Hasmal, the
chief angel or leader of the angelic choir of the hashmallim (or
hamshallim), the Hebrew equivalent of the later order or choir of
dominations. Hashmal is said in Jewish lore to be the
"fire-speaking angel" who is found near the holy throne of God.
Aside from Hashmal, the chiefs of the dominations or hashmallim
are said to be Zadkiel, Muriel, and Yahriel.
HASHMALLIM-The Hebrew name given to one of
the choirs or orders of angels; the hashmallim are considered the
angelic equivalent of the later choir of dominations. They are
thus to be equated with the high order of angels occupying the
fourth place in the nine choirs and the first place in the second
holy triad of angels, with the virtures and powers. In Jewish lore
the hashmallim reside in a realm under the care of the great
Metatron. The hashmallim can also be considered analogous to the
angels called the hayyoth, who carry or bear the throne of God and
are under the authority of the dread angel Hayliel YHWH.
YHWH-A "great and powerful" angelic prince who is
mentioned in the compilation of angelic lore assembled in the
Third Book of ENOCH. It is written there that Hayliel is a prince
"noble and terrible," capable of swallowing the entire world in
just one gulp. He is so called because he has authority over the
creatures, whipping them with lashes of fire while extolling them
to proclaim ever and always the song of praise.
angel of medieval lore who supposedly served as a tutor to the
great Islamic philosopher Avicenna (980-1037).
HAYYOTH-Also called the chayyoth, a group of
mighty angels who reside in the seventh heaven and are under the
leadership of the frightful and imposing angel Hayliel YHWH.
Impressive and imposing, the hayyoth are considered analogous to
or can be equated with the cherubim of later angelic lore. Two
descriptions are given for the hayyoth, the first in the Old
Testament Book of Ezekiel (1:4-28), the second in the Third Book
of Enoch. The principle tasks of the angels are to bear or carry
the throne of God A mission identical to that of the hashmallim,
with whom they are also closely identified) and to sing the
endless praises of God.
HOST-The broad collective name for all of the angels and
archangels of heaven. While the term has rather distinct military
connotations, the heavenly host does not necessarily imply the
host in conflict or at direct war with the forces of evil. Rather,
it denotes the angels as a whole, together chanting and giving
endless adoration to God.
OF THE SEVEN-The listing found in Jewish lore for the
seven great angels who serve as the princes or ruling chiefs of
the seven heavens. According to this list, the angels are; First
heaven:Gabriel-second heaven:Raphael, Galizur, and Dalquiel-third
heaven: Jabniel, Rabacyl, and Dalquiel-fourth heaven:
Michael-fifth heaven:Samael-sixth heaven: Sandalphon, Zachiel, and
Sabaoth-seventh heaven: Cassiel.
HECHALOTH-See Sefiroth;see also Merkabah
most unpleasant angel who appeared in Jewish lore. Ranked as a
truly feared angel of wrath. Hemah was said to be made from chains
of red-and-black fire and was, like his equally intemperate
ANGEL-A colorful name given to certain angels who serve as
triumphant announcers or declarers of some mighty event. By far
the most famous historical moment of the herald angels came one
night in Bethlehem when they proclaimed the birth of Jesus.
HOCHMEL-Also Hochmael, an angel whose name
means "the wisdom of God." He is best known from medieval legend
for supposedly inspiring the infamous Grimoire of Pope Honorius
III, an utterly falsely attributed book of magic to Honorius
III(r.1216-1227), a supposed sorcerer of considerable prowess.
HOLY IMMORTALS-See Amesha Spentas.
type of female angelic being found in Islamic lore. They reside in
paradise and exist to offer pleasure to those who have merited
eternal bliss while on earth. Each new person arriving in the
Islamic heaven is given seventy-two huris who fulfill his every
want or desire. The huris, meanwhile, is rewarded in this union by
becoming a virgin after each night's enjoyment. The legends of the
huris are distinctly nontraditional in comparison with the other
tales related about angels and angelic beings, the most radical
difference being the sexual component, largely absent in other
angelic accounts. The acknowledged head of the huris in some
sources is the angel Kalka'il. The spirits were said to be dark
eyed and stunningly
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